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Determinants of Use of Small-Scale Irrigation and Its Effects on Household Food Security: The Case of Bako Tibe District, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Abera Ifa*, Jema Haji, Jemal Yusuf

Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Oromia, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Abera Ifa

Date: November 18,2021 Hits: 245


The livelihood of rural households in Ethiopia depends on agriculture and largely small-scale subsistence oriented and crucially rain-fed. Use of the available water resources for irrigation development is the most promising option to counter the erratic rain and occurrence of drought in the country which makes agricultural production a challenge. The aim of this study is to analyze the determinants of use of small-scale irrigation and its effects on household food security in Bako Tibe district of west Shoa zone. Data were collected from 120 randomly selected household heads (40 users and 80 non-users) from four Kebeles of the district. Both descriptive statistics and econometric model were applied for analyzing data. In the econometric analysis, the determinants of use of small-scale irrigation were identified by the use of binary logit model. Household calorie consumption method was adopted to determine food security status of the sampled households. A result shows that 82.5% of irrigation users and 37.5% of non-users are found to be food secure while 17.5% of the users and 62.5% of non-users are food insecure. The binary logistic regression model shows that seven variables are found to determine use of small-scale irrigation and the variables are: distance of the irrigation scheme, number of livestock, total annual income, access to market information, age, sex and dependency ratio. In general, the empirical analysis, like many other similar studies, confirms that small-scale irrigation development would have positive effect on food security of beneficiary households. Thus, concerned bodies should join hands to support the development of small-scale irrigation schemes to reduce the food insecurity problem in the study area in particular and the country in general.


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Determinants of Use of Small-Scale Irrigation and Its Effects on Household Food Security: The Case of Bako Tibe District, West Shoa, Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Abera Ifa, Jema Haji, Jemal Yusuf. (2021) Determinants of Use of Small-Scale Irrigation and Its Effects on Household Food Security: The Case of Bako Tibe District, West Shoa, Ethiopia. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture5(4), 658-669.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.12.013