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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/oajrces.2021.11.001

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Ruminant Livestock Production System Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change: A Review

Abdi Hassen1,*, Ibsa Dawid2

1East Hararghe, Meta Agricultural Office, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Africa Center of Excellence for Climate Smart Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation, Department of climate smart agriculture, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Oromia, Ethiopia.

2Socio-Economics Research Team, Asella Agricultural Engineering Research Center, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Box 06, Asella, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Abdi Hassen

Date: November 25,2021 Hits: 245

Abstract

Climate change affects ruminant livestock production systems through direct impacts on animal physiology and production, while indirectly through feed availability, water availability composition, and quality. These impacts may be positive or negative and will vary across geographical regions, animal species, and adaptive capacity. The ruminant animal productions have several adaptive mechanisms to maintain homeostasis through behavioral, physiological, and morphological. The Potential adaptation strategies involve land-use decisions, animal feeding changes, genetic manipulation, breeding, and species improvement, and alteration. Integrated livestock-crop production systems can reduce impact, and increase productivity, diversify production, and enhance resiliency ruminant livestock productions. So, adaptation strategies of ruminant livestock’s productions have ability to survive, and reproduce in the conditions of poor nutrition, parasites, and diseases, as well as their tolerance to heat. Pastoral Mobility was a survival and resource management strategy commonly practiced by herder societies for increased adaptability to climate changes. Ruminant livestock is also an important component of all farming systems and provide draught power, milk, meat, manure, hides, skins, and other products for most countries. A review of this seminar paper was prepared on the adaptation of the ruminant livestock production system strategies to climate change. Effective adaptation strategies to minimize negative impacts on ruminant production systems due to climate change will need to be multi-dimensional.

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Ruminant Livestock Production System Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change: A Review

How to cite this paper: Abdi Hassen, Ibsa Dawid. (2021) Ruminant Livestock Production System Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change: A Review. OAJRC Environmental Science2(1), 7-16.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/oajrces.2021.11.001