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International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.12.001

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Protozoa and Helminth Parasites of Some Freshly Cultivated Vegetables from Some Irrigated Farms within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria

R. I. Odihi1, M. C. Emere1, D. M. Dibal1, O. Orakpoghenor2,3,*

1Department of Biological Science, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria.

2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.

3Regional Disease Surveillance Systems Enhancement (REDISSE) Project, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: O. Orakpoghenor

Date: October 27,2022 Hits: 405

Abstract

The parasitic (protozoa and helminthes) infestation of some freshly cultivated vegetables from some irrigated farms within Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria were assessed. A total of 300 vegetables comprising 12 each of cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, cucumber and lettuce from 5 different farms were used for this study. The vegetables were processed using sedimentation and floatation techniques for parasites identification. Results revealed that out of the 300 vegetable samples examined, 26 (8.67%) were positive for the presence of parasites. Of the 26 vegetables that had parasites, 9 (15.00%) were cabbages, 3 (5.00%) were carrots, 5 (8.33%) were cauliflowers, 3 (5.00%) were cucumbers and 6 (10.00%) were lettuces. No significant (X2 = 5.222, P = 0.265) association existed between the prevalence of parasites and the various vegetables. The parasites encountered included Hookworms (26.92%), Teania ssp. (11.54%), Ascaris lumbricoides (42.31%), Trichuris trichuria (3.85%), Fasciola hepatica (3.85%), Strongyloides stercoralis (7.69%) and Entamoeba histolytica (3.85%). Hookworm (33.33%) and Strongyloides stercoralis (22.22%) were more prevalent in cabbage while Ascaris lumbricoides (60.00%) was most prevalent in cauliflower. There was no significant association between the parasites identified and the different types of vegetable. Significant association existed between parasite infestation and the different farms with the highest prevalence was recorded in Farm D (11.67%) and lowest prevalence (3.85%) in Farms A and C. Seasonal occurrence of parasites in the vegetables showed higher prevalence of parasites during the rainy season (73.08%) in all farms than in the dry season (26.92%).

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Protozoa and Helminth Parasites of Some Freshly Cultivated Vegetables from Some Irrigated Farms within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria

How to cite this paper: R. I. Odihi, M. C. Emere, D. M. Dibal, O. Orakpoghenor. (2022) Protozoa and Helminth Parasites of Some Freshly Cultivated Vegetables from Some Irrigated Farms within Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(4), 359-365.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.12.001