Location:Home / Journals / Article Detail

International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.12.002

PDF Download

Prevention of Overweight and Obesity at Global Levels in Particular to Gastronomic Opportunities

Judit Molnár1, Mahendra Pal2,*

1Department of Water and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Széchenyi István University, -9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary.

2Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology-Anand-388001, Gujarat, India.

*Corresponding author: Mahendra Pal

Date: November 10,2022 Hits: 212

Abstract

With the advent of the Coronavirus and in addition to many factors, stress also appears to be more pronounced in people’s lives. In addition, in a life full of constraints, the weight gain is also a function of time spent at home. A stressful life-style and home-spend time affects not only the mental but also physical health. Therefore, a number of chronic diseases have manifested, of which the appearance of abnormal weight gain is increasing. Obesity and overweight once considered the problem of high-income nations but now increasing in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban areas. The prevalence of obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016. It is estimated that over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016. Obesity rates in adults were found highest in several countries including Mexico, USA, New Zealand and others. In India, the prevalence of obesity is estimated around 40 %. The common health consequences of overweight and obesity are cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis, and cancer. The manuscript, therefore, first summarizes the nutritional suggestions for the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity. Then it helps in practical implementation by presenting the possibilities offered by gastronomy. In doing so, we present foods that, with their energy and macronutrient content, greatly help to protect against overweight and obesity. Their other useful active ingredient contents are also important in achieving the normal body weight and optimizing energy levels. It is advised that an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are very rich in fats and sugars must be avoided by everyone. Further, the importance of daily regular physical activities should be highlighted in order to prevent overweight and obesity.

References

[1] Mengozzi, A., Masi, S., Virdis, A. (2020). Obesity – related endothelial dysfunction: moving from classical to emerging mechanisms. Endocrine and Metabolic Science, 1, 1-5.

[2] Figlia-Peck, Di S., Feinstein, R., Fisher, M. (2020). Treatment of children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. Current Problems in Paediatric and Adolescent Health Care, 50, 1-18.

[3] Goto, K., Kitazono, T. (2020). Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH) in diet-induced obesity. Endocrine and Metabolic Science, 1, 1-6.

[4] Formica, V., Morelli, C., Riondino, S., Renzi, N., Nitti, D., Di Daniele, N., Roselli, M., Tesauro, M. (2020). Obesity and common pathways of cancer and cardiovascular disease. Endocrine and Metabolic Science, 1, 1-6.

[5] El-gohary, T. M. (2020). Exploring the impact of physical factors on the overweight and obese physical therapy students. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 15, 479-485.

[6] Noonan, R. J. (2020). To what extent do unhealthy behaviour indicators explain the neighbourhood deprivation gradient in overweight among 11-year-old English children? SSM – Population Health, 10, 1-6.

[7] Orange, S. T., Madden,L. A., Vince, R. V. (2020). Resistance training leads to large improvements in strength and moderate improvements in physical function in adults who are overweight or obese: a systematic review. Journal of Physiotherapy, 66, 214-224.

[8] Kimura, T., Namkoong, H. (2020). Susceptibility of the obese population to COVID-19. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 101, 380-381.

[9] Jayawardena, R., Jeyakumar,D. T., Misra, A., Hills, A. P., Ranasinghe, P. (2020). Obesity: A potential risk factor for infection and mortality in the current COVID-19 epidemic. Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews, 14, 2199-2203.

[10] Mohamed, G. A., Ibrehim, S. R. M., Elkhayat, E. S., El Dine, R. S. (2014). Natural anti-obesity agents. Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, 52, 269-284.

[11] Novosad, S., Khan, S., Wolfe, B., Khan, A. (2013). Role of obesity in asthma control, the obesity-asthma phenotype. Journal of Allergy, 94, 1-9.

[12] Ashok, U., Baliga, S. S., Walvekar, P. R. (2021). Neck circumference measurement as a screening tool for obesity in children – A cross sectional study. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 10, 1-4.

[13] Wang, M., Zhang, B., Hu, J., Nie, S., Xiong, T., Xie, M. (2020). Intervention of five strains of Lactobacillus on obesity in mice induced by high fat diet. Journal of Functional Foods, 72, 1-10.

[14] Liguori, A., Petti, F., Rughini, S., Silli, L., Asprino, R., Maglio, C., Leonetti, F. (2013). Effect of a basic Chinese traditional diet in overweight patients. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 33, 322-324.

[15] Ippoliti, F., Liguori, A., Petti, F., Canitano, N., Rughini, S. (2008).Leptin, Ghrelin and TNF-α before and after hypo-caloric traditional Chinese diet and auricular acupuncture. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28, 24-33.

[16] Frayon, S., Wattelez, G., Paufique, E., Nedjar-Guerre, A., Serra-Mallol, C., Galy, O. (2020). Overweight in the pluri-ethnic adolescent population of New Caledonia: Dietary patterns, sleep duration and screen time. The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific, 2, 1-11.

[17] Ekesa, B., Johnson, V., Kennedy, G., Nabuuma, D., Van den Bergh, I., Ocimati, W. (2017). A community resource persons’ training guide: Improving food and nutrition security though banana-based farming system and foods. International Society of Horticultural Science, Bioversity International, 1-63.

[18] Zamaratskaia, G., Gerhardt, K., Wendin, K. (2021). Biochemical characteristics and potential applications of ancient cereals – An underexploited opportunity for sustainable production and consumption. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 107, 114-123.

[19] Pal, M., Molnar, J. (2021).Growing significance of cereals in nutrition and healthy life. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 5, 275-277.

[20] Pal, M., Molnar, J. (2021).Growing importance of fruits and vegetables in human health. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 5, 567-569.

[21] Guan, Q., Xiong, T., Xie, M. (2021). Influence of probiotic fermented fruit and vegetables on human health and the related industrial development trend. Engineering, 7, 212-218.

[22] Aljutaily, T., Huarte, E., Martinez-Monteagudo, S., Gonzalez-Hernandez, J. L., Rovai, M., Sergeev, I. N. (2020). Probi-otic-enriched milk and dairy products increase gut microbiota diversity: a comparative study. Nutrition research, 82, 25-33.

[23] Sobiecki, J. G., Appleby, P. N., Bradbury, K. E., Key, T. J. (2016). High compliance with dietary recommendations in a cohort of meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians, and vegans: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Oxford study. Nutrition Research, 36, 464-477.

[24] Latka, C., Kuiper, M., Frank, S., Heckelei, T., Havlék, P., Witzke, H-P., Leip, A., Cui, H. D., Kuijsten, A., Geleijnse, J. M., Dijk van, M. (2021). Paying the price for environmentally sustainable and healthy EU diets. Global Food Security, 28, 1-10. 

[25] Keleszade, E., Willner, T., Patterson, M., Trangmar, S., Kolida, S., Costabile, A. (2020). A pilot study to assess the effect of a fibre and mineral formulation on satiety and satiation when taken as part of a calorie restriction diet in overweight and obese women. Journal of Functional Food, 74, 1-10.

Full-Text HTML

Prevention of Overweight and Obesity at Global Levels in Particular to Gastronomic Opportunities

How to cite this paper: Judit Molnár, Mahendra Pal. (2022) Prevention of Overweight and Obesity at Global Levels in Particular to Gastronomic Opportunities. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(4), 366-371.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.12.002