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Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation

DOI：http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jamc.2023.03.003

# An Age-Structured Consumer-Resource Model with Delay I: Steady States and Preliminary Stability Results

M. El-Doma

University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.

*Corresponding author: M. El-Doma

Date: February 14,2023　Hits: 393

### Abstract

In this paper, we study an age-structured model for a consumer population coupled with a system of n ordinary differential equations, which has a constant delay, which describes the evolution of several resources, utilized by the consumer as food. The introduction of the delay in the model makes it distinct from the related traditional consumer-resource models, for example, models for Daphnia population feeding on algae. We determine the steady states of the above mentioned coupled system of equations, and show that basically, there are three types of steady states: the first is the trivial steady state, when the consumer population vanishes and the resources depleted. The second is the case when the consumer population vanishes and some of the resources at their carrying capacity and the remaining, if any, vanish. The third, and last, is the case when both the consumer population and the resources that remain (not depleted), coexist. Our main purpose in this paper is to provide stability results for the aforementioned steady states. We obtain the characteristic equation of the coupled system of equations, and prove that the trivial steady state is unstable, whereas the second type of steady states is locally asymptotically stable only when all of the resources are at the carrying capacity, otherwise, is unstable. The third type of steady states, when at least one resource is depleted, is locally asymptotically stable, under a given condition, otherwise, is unstable. The stability of the third type of steady states, when none of the resources is depleted, will be given in a sequel to this paper.

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### Full-Text HTML

An Age-Structured Consumer-Resource Model with Delay I: Steady States and Preliminary Stability Results

How to cite this paper:  M. El-Doma. (2023) An Age-Structured Consumer-Resource Model with Delay I: Steady States and Preliminary Stability Results. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computation7(1), 19-23.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jamc.2023.03.003