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Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2023.03.021

An analysis of the Factors Affecting the Rice Yield in the Dry Season in Households Farming Cambodia

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Sar Sary1,2,*, Bun Phearin1, Sarin Sereyvatha1, Sar Saren3, Peter David Kulyakwave2

1Research and Technology Development Centre, National Polytechnic Institute and Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

2Agricultural Information Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China.

3Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Takeo, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

*Corresponding author: Sar Sary

Published: May 6,2023

Abstract

This study attempts to determine the factors affecting the dry rice output in rural farming in Cambodia. Data applied in this study was obtained from the household survey conducted in 2023. It was conducted in three provinces of Cambodia namely, Takeo, Kandal, and Kampong Speu from which, 240 households are randomly selected based on the regulation and sample distribution. According to the estimation of parameters, the Cobb-Douglas production function for dry season revealed that a 1% increase in the input of seeds would increase the total outputs by approximately 0.6961% and a 1% increase in the input of household labor will increase the total rice output by around 0.0940%. Additionally, there is an increase in the output of dry season rice by roughly 0.0447% if there is a 1% increase in the input of hired labor. Furthermore, if there is a 1% increase in the input of transportation, there will be an increase in the rice output by the amount of 0.7674%, and a 1% increase in the input of income for the farming job will increase the output by roughly 0.4188%. The variables seed, fertilizer, pesticide, household labor, hired labor, transportation, age of household head, family size, and income from an off-farm job are calculated to give more effective rice output. Moreover, increased rice yields during the dry season depend heavily on seed quality and the increased use of irrigation infrastructure. However, the availability of high-quality varieties and other inputs isminimal among families of farmers, and lacking research and development institutions to improve rice production efficiency and market information in Cambodia is a significant constraint for farmers.

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How to cite this paper

An analysis of the Factors Affecting the Rice Yield in the Dry Season in Households Farming Cambodia

How to cite this paper:  Sar Sary, Bun Phearin, Sarin Sereyvatha, Sar Saren, Peter David Kulyakwave. (2023) An analysis of the Factors Affecting the Rice Yield in the Dry Season in Households Farming Cambodia. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture7(1), 157-163.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2023.03.021