JSFA

Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2024.03.001

Adaptation and Growth Performance Evaluation of Selected Multipurpose Trees and Shrubs at Yabello District, Borana Zone, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

TOTAL VIEWS: 463

Sisay Taye*, Siraj Kelil

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Yabello Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center, Yabello, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Sisay Taye

Published: February 4,2024

Abstract

A study was conducted on three multipurpose agroforestry tree species: Moringa oleifera, Olea europea, and Calliandra calothyrsus at Yabello Agriculture Research Center to evaluate their adaptability and growth performance. The experiment was arranged in RCBD with three replications. The growth parameters; survival rate, plant height, diameter at breast height, and root collar diameters were measured and recorded each year. The results revealed that the variations among tree species in survival rate were highly significant (p<0.001) after four years of age. This could be due to environmental factors and the genetic potential of the species, which generally govern the growth of a given species. Among the species tested, Moringa oleifera and Olea europea showed the highest performance in terms of survival rate. Olea europea and Moringa oleifera showed the highest survival rates, with 83.33%, and 77.78% respectively. On the other hand, Calliandra calothyrsus showed the lowest survival rate (22.22%). Thus, the long dry season, which extended for the last four years in the study area, clearly explains the poor survival and growth response of the species. Hence, it can be inferred that the conditions in Yabello match the environmental requirements of Moringa oleifera and Olea europea. Therefore, the species offers much promise for future use in agroforestry practices in the area. Thus, the study advocates for the proper allocation of adapted species in Yabello conditions and related agroecology for agroforestry practices, forest plantations, and economic benefits for stakeholders.

References

[1] Demel Teketel. (2001). Deforestation, wood famine, and environmental degradation in Ethiopia's highland ecosystems: Urgent need for action. Northeast African Studies, 8(1): 53-76.

[2] Mebrate Mihretu, Alemu Gezahegn, & Belachew. (2004). Early survival and height performance of some Australian species in field trials at Didessa, Western. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources (EJNR), 6(2): 253-263.

[3] Brockerhoff EG, Jactel H, Parrotta JA, Quine CP, & Sayer J. (2008). Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Conservation, 17: 925-951.

[4] Abebe Yadessa, Diriba Bekere, & Taye Bekele. (2000). Growth performance of different multipurpose tree and shrubs species at Bako. Western Oromia, pp. 177-186. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Soil Science. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 30-31, March 2000, Ethiopian Society of Soil Science.

[5] Wuethrich B. (2007). Biodiversity: reconstructing Brazil’s Atlantic rainforest. Science, 315: 1070-1072.

[6] Dierig DA, Adama NR, Mackey BE, Dahlquist GH, & Coffelt TA. (2005). Temperature and elevation effects on plant growth, development, and seed production of two Lesquerella species. Industrial Crops and Products, pp. 17-25.

[7] Bréda N, Huc R, Granier A, & Dreyer E. (2006). Temperate forest trees and stands under severe drought: A review of eco physi-ological responses, adaptation processes and long-term consequences. Ann.

[8] Li JB, Chen FH, Cook ER, Gou XH, & Zhang YX. (2007). Drought reconstruction for north central China from tree rings: The value of the Palmer drought severity index. Int. J. Climatology, 27: 903-909.

[9] Leakey, R., Tchoundjeu, Z., Schreckenberg, K., Shackleton, S., & Shackleton, C. (2005). Agroforestry tree products (AFTPs): Targeting poverty reduction and enhanced livelihoods. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 3(1): 1-23.

https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2005.9684741.

[10] Homann, S., Rischkowsky, B., Steinbach, J., Kirk, M., & Mathias, E. (2008). Towards endogenous livestock development: Borana pastoralists’ responses to environmental and institutional changes. Human Ecology, 36(4): 503-520.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-008-9180-7.

[11] Aerts, R., Negussie, A., Maes, W., November, E., Hermy, M., & Muys, B. (2011). Restoration of dry Afromontane forest using pioneer shrubs as nurse plants for Olea europaea ssp. cuspidata. Restoration Ecology, 19(1): 23-30. 

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2009.00519.x.

[12] Getahun Yakob, Kebede Gizachew, Anteneh Fekadu, & Kefyalew Kassa. (2017). Growth performance of some multipurpose tree species around the homesteads in Gimbo District, Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries,  Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 1-5. Doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20170601.11.

[13] Tilahun Chibsa, Motuma Didita, Yifru Abera, & Mengistu Yadessa. (2006). Screening of multipurpose tree and shrub species for adaptability and growth performance at Sinana, Southeastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resource, vol. 8(2): pp. 271-279.

[14] Musa Abdella & Bira Cheneke. (2020). Adaptation and growth performance of multipurpose tree species under erer dodota con-dition, Harari region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, vol. 24(1): 556130. Doi: 10.19080/IJESNR.2020.23.556130.

[15] Siraj Kelil, Sisay Taye, Desta Negeyo, Feyisa Seboka, Hayleyesus Agonafer, Tadesse Negash, & Bultu Kusa. (2021). Evaluation of selected multipurpose tree species and moisture conservation structures for degraded dryland rehabilitation in Dugda Dawa District, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 13, No. 2, (2021): 58-68.

[16] Coppock, D. L. (1994). The Borana plateau of Southern Ethiopia: Synthesis of pastoral research, development and changes, 1980-91 (No. 5). International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, p. 374.

[17] Nair. K. R. (1993). An introduction to agroforestry. Kluwer Academic Publishers, in cooperation with International Centre for Research in Agroforestry.

[18] Roothaert R, Karanja G. M, Kariuki I, Paterson R, Tuwei P, Kiruiro E, Mugwe J, & Franzel S. (2001). Calliandra calothyrsus for livestock. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya.

[19] Chamberlain J R. (2001). Calliandra calothyrsus: an agroforestry tree for the humid tropics. Tropical Forestry, Paper 40, Oxford Forestry Institute. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford.

[20] Tesemma A. B. (1993). Useful trees and shrubs of Ethiopia: identification, propagation and management for agricultural and pas-toral communities.

[21] Bira Cheneke, Musa Abdella, & Robe Elema. (2021). Performance evaluation of multipurpose tree species integrated with mois-ture conservation structures on Degraded Area Closure at Babille District, Ethiopia. Journal of Water Resources and Ocean Science, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-8. Doi: 10.11648/j.wros.20211001.11.

[22] Dawit Samuel, Regassa Terefe, Mezgebu Senbeto, & Mekonnen Daba. (2016). Evaluation of two moringa species for adaptability and growth performance under Bako conditions. Journal of Natural Sciences Research.

[23] Yitebitu Moges. (2004). Recommended agroforestry/multipurpose trees for Borana lowlands/midlands and their production techniques. Subreport, No. 4.

[24] Wondmagegn Bekele, Bikila Mengistu, Hirpa Abebe, Zerihun Dibaba, & Fikru Ameyu. (2021). Adaptation and growth perfor-mance evaluation of nitrogen fixing tree/shrub species in Dello-Menna District of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2021, pp. 127-130. Doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210903.15.

[25] Musa Abdella & Bira Cheneke. (2021). Adaptation and growth performance evaluation of agroforestry tree species in Babille District, East Hararghe Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. International Journal of Biochemistry, Biophysics & Molecular Biology, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-5. Doi: 10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20210601.12.

[26] Raebild A, Graudal L, & Rehman SK. (2003). Evaluation of a provenance trial with Acacia Albida, A. Senegal and A. Tortilis at Dagar Kotli, Pakistan. Trial No. 21 in the arid zone series. Results and Documentation, No. 26.

[27] Baris H & Ertenkin M. (2010). Growth models in investigating oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky). Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 16: 5850-5857.

How to cite this paper

Adaptation and Growth Performance Evaluation of Selected Multipurpose Trees and Shrubs at Yabello District, Borana Zone, Southern Oromia, Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Sisay Taye, Siraj Kelil. (2024) Adaptation and Growth Performance Evaluation of Selected Multipurpose Trees and Shrubs at Yabello District, Borana Zone, Southern Oromia, EthiopiaInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 8(1), 1-8.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2024.03.001