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Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.03.011

Appraisal and composition of some traditional complementary foods for infant nutrition in Sierra Leone

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Nyahabeh Mariama Anthony 1,2,3,*, Wasiu Akinloye Afolabi 2, Martha Shirley Epiphaneia Williams 1,2,3, Bussie Mayiza-Dixon 3, Oguntona Emmanuel Babatunde 2

1 Sierra Leone Agricultural Research Institute (SLARI), PMB 1313, Tower Hill Freetown, Sierra Leone

2 Federal University of Agriculture, College of Food Science and Human Ecology, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, PMB 2240, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria

3 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Food and Nutrition Unit, Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding author: Nyahabeh Mariama Anthony, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Food and Nutrition Unit, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Published: March 9,2020

Abstract

Malnutrition among infants in Sierra Leone still ranks one of the highest globally. Potency of some locally-formulated complementary food at resolving the problem had been proven. The experiment aimed at evaluating nutrient contents in traditional complementary foods consumed by infants in Eastern and Northern regions of Sierra Leone was carried out between 2016 and 2018. Ten common recipes identified through semi-structured questionnaire were standardized and analyzed using standard laboratory methods. Data were analyzed using SAS statistical package while means were separated using the new Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Results showed that Bennie-mix, pamahun, as well as pap prepared from rice, millet and rice-one pot are richer in protein content (9.92% – 16.87%) and essential micronutrients (Iron ranged from 0.45mg – 3.58mg and zinc ranged from 1.24mg – 4.38mg). phytate (0.61mg – 3.76mg) and trypsin inhibitors (0.26mg – 5.79mg) which were low in all the selected samples as recommended by WHO. It can be concluded that four out of the ten standardized traditional complementary foods are rich in macronutrient but required enhancement of the micronutrients

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How to cite this paper

Appraisal and composition of some traditional complementary foods for infant nutrition in Sierra Leone

How to cite this paper: Anthony, N.M., Afolabi, W.A,. Williams, M.S.E., Mayiza-Dixon, B., Babatunde, O.E. (2020) Appraisal and composition of some traditional complementary foods for infant nutrition in Sierra Leone. International Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 4(1), 73-79.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.03.011