Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/abr.2024.06.004

Distribution and Status of Coffee Berry Disease in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

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Hika Bersisa*, Natol Bakala, Abebe Tilahun, Zinash Misgana

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, Bako, Oromia, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Hika Bersisa

Published: July 9,2024

Abstract

Coffee production in Ethiopia is highly restricted by diseases such as the Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) whose causal agent is the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae. This study was done to assess the prevalence, incidence, and severity of coffee berry disease in the East Wallaggaa Zone of Oromia. During survey work, 3 potential coffee-growing districts (Sasiga, Limmu, and Wayu Tuka) were used. Accordingly, 3 PAs per district and 5 coffee farms per PA were used. Totally, 45 coffee farms were used for this survey work. Data was collected on the prevalence, incidence, severity, and impact of some factors on the development of CBD. CBD was observed more in Sasiga (73.33%) followed by Wayu Tuka (53.33%) and Limmu (53.33%). High CBD incidence was recorded in Sasiga (32.89%) followed by Limmu (19.56%) and Wayu Tuka (18.22%). While the highest severity was recorded in Sasiga (4.93%) followed by Limmu (2.93%) and Wayu Tuka (2.73%). CBD has influence positively and negatively by altitude, shade tree status, host resistant, coffee age and sanitation and field management. Local farmers should be used CBD resistant coffee cultivars and recommended field management to overcome CBD pressure observed in the coffee industry. Further investigation is also needed on the influence of some factors on the development of CBD in the study area.

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How to cite this paper

Distribution and Status of Coffee Berry Disease in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Hika Bersisa, Natol Bakala, Abebe Tilahun, Zinash Misgana. (2024) Distribution and Status of Coffee Berry Disease in Western Oromia, EthiopiaAdvance in Biological Research5(1), 24-30.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/abr.2024.06.004