Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.06.018

Antihypertensive Activity of Fermented Milk Containing Various Aqueous Herbal Extracts


Kanik1,2, Gauri Jairath1, Birbal Singh1, Jyoti B. Dhar1, Rinku Sharma1, Devi Gopinath1, Neelam Sharma2, Gorakh Mal1,*

1ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional Station, Palampur (HP), India.

2CSK HPKVV, Palampur (HP), India.

*Corresponding author: Gorakh Mal

Published: June 9,2021


The present study was conducted with the objective to enhance the Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE, EC inhibitory activity of indigenous cattle milk through supplementation with various herbal extracts. The fermented milk supplemented with aqueous extracts of fruits of harad (Terminalia chebula), baheda (Terminalia bellirica), amla (Phyllanthus emblica) and bark of arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) were evaluated for ACE inhibitory activity. Maximum (37.92±0.72%) ACE inhibitory activity was observed in pepsin-digest of fermented milk containing aqueous harad extract, whereas minimum (25.37±0.59%) ACE inhibitory activity was observed in fermented milk containing aqueous extract of amla. Undigested samples of fermented milk containing aqueous arjuna extract exhibited significantly higher ACE inhibitory activity (19.70±0.58%), followed by amla (17.00±0.70%), and baheda (16.59± 0.94%). Fermented milk containing aqueous harad extract had significantly lower value (14.97±0.62%). No significant difference was found between fermented milk containing aqueous extracts amla and extracts of baheda. Based on the results described above, we surmise that herbal supplemented fermented milk had better antihypertensive activity.


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How to cite this paper

Antihypertensive Activity of Fermented Milk Containing Various Aqueous Herbal Extracts

How to cite this paper: Kanik, Gauri Jairath, Birbal Singh, Jyoti B. Dhar, Rinku Sharma, Devi Gopinath, Neelam Sharma, Gorakh Mal. (2021) Antihypertensive Activity of Fermented Milk Containing Various Aqueous Herbal Extracts. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture5(2), 326-331.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.06.018