IJCEMR

Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijcemr.2022.01.006

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Male Workers in a Selected Area of Dhaka City

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Jasim Uddin1, A. S. M. Giasuddin2,3,*, M. I. Khalil4, M. Kamrujjaman4

1Department of Physiotherapy, State College of Health Sciences, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.

2Medical research Unit (MRU), Medical College for Women & Hospital (MCW&H), Medical & Health Welfare Trust (MHWT), Uttara Model Town, Dhaka-1230, Bangladesh.

3Impulse Hospital, ImHS&RCLtd, 304/E, Tejgaon Industrial Area, Dhaka-1208, Bangladesh.

4Department of Physiotherapy, State College of Health Sciences, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding author:  A. S. M. Giasuddin

Published: December 14,2021

Abstract

Background: Wide range of activities involved in municipal solid waste (MSW) management may lead to development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in MSW disposal male workers. Not much studies were done about the prevalence and associated factors of MSDs in MSW disposal male workers in Bangladesh; Objectives: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of (MSDs) among MSW disposal male workers in a selected area of Dhaka City, Bangladesh; Methodology: A total of 102 MSW disposal male workers (n = 102) were included in the study by convenient sampling procedure. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the information/data by face to face interview for 6 months (January to June 2021) from the selected area of Dhaka city. Data were numerically coded and captured in Excel using SPSS Software Programme-Version 22 and subjected to cross sectional analyses by Chi-squired (X) tests; Results: Socio-demographic, ergonomic, MSDs/pain, work/career, posture and treatment seeking pattern related information were obtained and recorded of the 102 respondents (age range: 18-67 years, majority age range: 18-27 years ie.59/57.8%, married: 75/73.5%, unmarried: 27/26.5%, majority: n=68/66.7% had normal BMI/18.5-24.9, career period: 1-30 years and majority: n=79/78.4% were illiterate). Types of work varied as collection, transfer and two or more with postures as standing (N=87, 85.3%), sitting (n=2, 2.0%), bending (n=101, 99.0%) and all types (n=1, 1.0%) indicating multiple working postures for individuals. MSDs were present in 85 (83.3%) and absent in 17 (16.7%) respondents. Pattern of pain varied as temporary (n=74, 88.1%), continuous (n=3, 3.6%) and on movement (n=39, 46.4%). About severity of pain, 1% (n=1) had mild, 73% (n=62) had moderate and 26% (n=22) had severe type of pain and 16.7% (n=17) had no response to pain. Location of pain (n=85) were in neck (54.1%, n= 46), shoulder (80.0%, n=68), elbow joint (8.2%, n=7), wrist joint (7.1%, n=6), upper back pain (15.3%, n=13), lower back pain (90.6%, n=77), knee joint (23.5%, n=20) and ankle joint (2.4%, n=2) indicating that each of them had pain in multiple locations. Of them (n=85, 83.3%), 50 (49%) received treatment from doctors (n=47, 94%), physiotherapists (n=1, 2%), others (n=2, 4%) and 35 (34.3%) did not receive treatment. Among the 50 treated patients, condition improved in 17 (16.7%), worsened in 1 (1.0%) and unchanged in 32 (31.4%) of them. Statistical analyses indicated that age (p=0.167), BMI (p=0.155), education level (p=0.329) and career period (p=0.293) were not significantly associated with MSDs in our respondents; Conclusions: An integrated health education consisting of ergonomics and healthy work habits needs to be incorporated in a pre-health screening programme. Also, a routine workplace health promotion model needs to be activated for these workers. Further analytical and interventional studies are warranted involving more respondents from wider areas of Bangladesh including Dhaka city to evaluate the effectiveness of information related intervention.

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How to cite this paper

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Male Workers in a Selected Area of Dhaka City

How to cite this paper: Jasim Uddin, A. S. M. Giasuddin, M. I. Khalil, M. Kamrujjaman. (2022) Prevalence and Associated Factors of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Male Workers in a Selected Area of Dhaka CityInternational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine Research6(1), 31-39.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijcemr.2022.01.006