JSFA

Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.006

Climate-Smart Agricultural Extension Service Innovation Approaches in Uganda: Review Paper

TOTAL VIEWS: 8394

Benson Turyasingura1,*, Petros Chavula2

1Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Kabale University, PO Box 317, Kabale, Uganda. 

2Department of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Oromia, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Benson Turyasingura

Published: February 8,2022

Abstract

Agriculture is anticipated to remain the economy’s backbone for the foreseeable future, with agricultural operations employing a large majority of Uganda’s work force 72%. The aim of this review was to assess the agriculture extension and advisory services; brief description of agriculture extension and advisory service system in Uganda focusing on typology providers, dominant models used and target groups; providing examples of agriculture extension and advisory services related to climate smart agriculture with specific adaptation and mitigation and identifying and discussing the innovative approach and methods being used by different service providers in climate smart related extension. Farmers’ groups, government organizations, non-governmental organizations, commercial organizations, and universities are among the typologies employed in Uganda’s agriculture extension service. The agriculture extension and advisory services related to climate smart agriculture were integrated soil fertility management, crop rotation, cover crops and green manure, rotational grazing, seasonally adapted planting time and agroforestry systems. The innovative approach and methods being used by different service providers in climate smart related extension included extension methods for transfer of climate knowledge, training and visit extension and unified extension approaches, climate awareness mass media campaigns, ICT supported farmers in adaptation and mitigation, farmer field school and climate-smart villages. It was concluded that climate-smart extension approaches need to be considered as part of a broader set of adaptation measures and policies for agricultural systems at a range of scales through ICT integration. The study recommended for a strategic plan for women engagement in agriculture extension services by the Ugandan government.

References

[1] D. M. Mpiima, H. Manyire, C. Kabonesa, and M. Espiling.  “Gender analysis of agricultural extension policies in Uganda: informing practice? ,” Gend.  Technol.  Dev., vol. 23, no.  2, pp. 187-205, 2019. 

[2] A. Nannozi.  (2019).  “A case study: exploring the influence of the informal financial sector on food security among smallholder farmers in Uganda, Greater Luweero. ” 2019. 

[3] E. ATNR.  (2018).  “Report of Committee of Agriculture, Tourism and Natural Resources on the 3rd EAC peoples agriculture budget summit, held on 31st May 2018 at County Hall, Parlaiment of Kenya, Nairobi Kenya. ” 2018. 

[4] R. Sebaggala and F. Matovu.  (2020).  Effects of Agricultural Extension Services on Farm Productivity in Uganda.  African Economic Research consortium, 2020. 

[5] C. M. Gottschalk.  (2020).  “Effectiveness of climate-smart agriculture in Uganda: Evidence from micro-level data. ” 2020. 

[6] F. Pereira Sartori Falguera, M. A. F. Lima, V. A. S. Ferrari, G. D. C. Barriga, and E. B. Mariano.  (2021).  “Human Development by Gender and National Culture: A Comparative Analysis.”  J. Dev. Stud. , pp. 1-22, 2021. 

[7] G. Oriangi, et al. (2020).  “Household resilience to climate change hazards in Uganda.”  Int.  J. Clim.  Chang.  Strateg.  Manag. , 2020. 

[8] S. LEONE 4th, “NATIONAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2019,” 2019. 

[9] G. Agiraembabazi, J. Ogwal, C. Tashobya, R. M. Kananura, T. Boerma, and P. Waiswa.  (2021).  “Can routine health facility data be used to monitor subnational coverage of maternal, newborn and child health services in Uganda? ,” BMC Health Serv. Res., vol. 21, no.  1, pp. 1-10, 2021. 

[10] G. W. Norton and J. Alwang.  (2020).  “Changes in agricultural extension and implications for farmer adoption of new practices.”  Appl.  Econ.  Perspect.  Policy, vol. 42, no.  1, pp. 8-20, 2020. 

[11] M. Markou, C. A. Moraiti, A. Stylianou, and G. Papadavid.  (2020).  “Addressing climate change impacts on agriculture: adaptation measures for six crops in Cyprus.”  Atmosphere (Basel). , vol. 11, no.  5, p. 483, 2020. 

[12] R. Rupan, R. Saravanan, and B. Suchiradipta.  (2018).  “Climate-smart agriculture and advisory services: approaches and implication for future.”  MANAGE discussion paper 1, MANAGE-Centre for Agricultural Extension …, 2018. 

[13] S. C. Mukembo and M. C. Edwards.  (2015).  “Agricultural extension in Sub-Saharan Africa during and after its colonial era: The case of Zimbabwe, Uganda, and Kenya.”  J. Int.  Agric.  Ext. Educ. , vol. 22, no.  3, pp. 50-68, 2015. 

[14] J. Musemakweri.  (2007).  Farmers’ experiences and perceptions of the NAADS agricultural extension system/program in Kabale district, Uganda.  Iowa State University, 2007. 

[15] F. N. W. Nsubuga, K. F. Mearns, N. C. Davis, A. M. Kalumba, and K. Komen.  (2021).  “Exploring the influence of climate change and capital assets on livelihood formations in central region of Uganda.”  Environ.  Dev. Sustain. , vol. 23, no.  6, pp. 9223-9242, 2021. 

[16] N. Mugabi, J. Omona, and B. Jansson.  (2018).  “Revolutionalizing Agriculture Extension Delivery through Mobile Telephony: The Experience of Village Enterprise Agent Model in Greater Masaka Area, Uganda.”  WIT Trans.  Ecol.  Environ. , vol. 217, pp. 963-974, 2018. 

[17] W. Turyahikayo and E. Kamagara.  (2016).  “Trust, perception and effectiveness of extension services in Uganda: A case of National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS).”  J. Agric.  Ext. Rural Dev., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 224-231, 2016. 

[18] M. L. Blum, V. R. Sulaiman, and F. Cofini.  (2020).  “MODULE 1: Trends in extension reform.”  Agric.  Ext. Transit.  Worldw.  Policies Strateg.  reform, p. 1, 2020.

[19] Y. Nakano, T. W. Tsusaka, T. Aida, and V. O. Pede. (2018). “Is farmer-to-farmer extension effective? The impact of training on technology adoption and rice farming productivity in Tanzania.” World Dev., vol. 105, pp. 336-351, 2018.

[20] T. Wossen, et al. (2017). “Impacts of extension access and cooperative membership on technology adoption and household welfare.” J. Rural Stud., vol. 54, pp. 223-233, 2017.

[21] N. N. Charles and B. E. Onkundi. (2021). “Determination of Adoption of Organic & AMP; Conventional Farming and Climatic Smart Agricultural Practises among Smallholder Farmers in Nyaribari Chache Sub-County, Kisii County, Kenya.” Recent Prog. Plant Soil Res., Vol. 2, pp. 58-72, 2021.

[22] V. Zavratnik, D. Podjed, J. Trilar, N. Hlebec, A. Kos, and E. Stojmenova Duh. (2020). “Sustainable and community-centred development of smart cities and villages.” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 10, p. 3961, 2020.

[23] V. Okuna and D. Mwesigwa. (2021). “‘From rain-fed farms to irrigated farms’: Irrigation technology for smart farming in Lira city, mid-north Uganda,” 2021.

[24] J. J. L. Osumba, J. W. Recha, and G. W. Oroma. (2021). “Transforming Agricultural Extension Service Delivery through In-novative Bottom–Up Climate-Resilient Agribusiness Farmer Field Schools.” Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 7, p. 3938, 2021.

[25] E. D. Raile, L. M. Young, J. Kirinya, J. Bonabana-Wabbi, and A. N. W. Raile. (2021). “Building Public Will for Climate-Smart Agriculture in Uganda: Prescriptions for Industry and Policy.” J. Agric. Food Ind. Organ., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 39-50, 2021.

[26] E. L. Ampaire, et al. (2017). “Institutional challenges to climate change adaptation: A case study on policy action gaps in Uganda,” Environ. Sci. Policy, vol. 75, pp. 81-90, 2017.

[27] F. O. Amadu, D. C. Miller, and P. E. McNamara. (2020). “Agroforestry as a pathway to agricultural yield impacts in climate-smart agriculture investments: Evidence from southern Malawi.” Ecol. Econ., vol. 167, p. 106443, 2020.

[28] S. H. Shah, L. C. Angeles, and L. M. Harris. (2017). “Worlding the intangibility of resilience: The case of rice farmers and water-related risk in the Philippines.” World Dev., vol. 98, pp. 400-412, 2017.

[29] R. Eriksson and M. Rataj. (2019). “The geography of starts-ups in Sweden. The role of human capital, social capital and agglomeration.” Entrep. Reg. Dev., vol. 31, no. 9-10, pp. 735-754, 2019.

[30] J. Jacobi, et al. (2018). “Operationalizing food system resilience: An indicator-based assessment in agroindustrial, smallholder farming, and agroecological contexts in Bolivia and Kenya.” Land Use Policy, vol. 79, pp. 433-446, 2018.

[31] D. Martinez-Baron, G. Orjuela, G. Renzoni, A. M. L. Rodríguez, and S. D. Prager. (2018). “Small-scale farmers in a 1.5 C future: The importance of local social dynamics as an enabling factor for implementation and scaling of climate-smart agriculture.” Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain., vol. 31, pp. 112-119, 2018.

[32] E. M. Kikulwe, et al. (2018). “Does gender matter in effective management of plant disease epidemics? Insights from a survey among rural banana farming households in Uganda.” J. Dev. Agric. Econ., 2018.

[33] M. Acosta, S. van Bommel, M. van Wessel, E. L. Ampaire, L. Jassogne, and P. H. Feindt. (2019). “Discursive translations of gender mainstreaming norms: The case of agricultural and climate change policies in Uganda.” In Women’s Studies International Forum, 2019, vol. 74, pp. 9-19.

[34] M. Sowman and X. Rebelo. (2022). “Sustainability, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Building from the Bottom Up–A South African Perspective from the Small-scale Fisheries Sector.” In Creating Resilient Futures, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2022, pp. 151-181.

[35] D. F. McGonigle, et al. (2020). “A knowledge brokering framework for integrated landscape management.” Front. Sustain. Food Syst., vol. 4, p. 13, 2020.

[36] A. Bussler and L. Schmidt. (2019). “The role knowledge brokerage in local climate change mitigation policy in Portugal The case of BEACON,” 2019.

[37] M. Yomo, G. B. Villamor, M. Aziadekey, F. Olorunfemi, and K. A. Mourad. (2020). “Climate change adaptation in semi-arid ecosystems: A case study from Ghana.” Clim. Risk Manag., vol. 27, p. 100206, 2020.

[38] P. Berry, P. M. Enright, J. Shumake-Guillemot, E. Villalobos Prats, and D. Campbell-Lendrum. (2018). “Assessing health vulnerabilities and adaptation to climate change: a review of international progress,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 15, no. 12, p. 2626, 2018.

[39] D. B. Namanya, et al. (2021). “Geography, Climate Change and Health Adaptation Planning in Uganda.” In Practicing Health Geography, Springer, 2021, pp. 175-190.

[40] G. Farrell. (2007). “Survey of ICT and education in Africa: Uganda country report,” 2007.

[41] S. Franzel, E. Kiptot, and A. Degrande. (2019). “Farmer-to-farmer extension: A low-cost approach for promoting climate-smart agriculture.” In The climate-smart agriculture papers, Springer, Cham, 2019, pp. 277-88.

[42] O. Westermann, W. Förch, P. Thornton, J. Körner, L. Cramer, and B. Campbell. (2018). “Scaling up agricultural interventions: Case studies of climate-smart agriculture.” Agric. Syst., vol. 165, pp. 283-293, 2018.

[43] D. Ninsiima. (2015). “‘Buuza Omulimisa’(ask the extension officer) text messaging for low literate farming communities in rural Uganda.” In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, 2015, pp. 1-4.

[44] T. E. Epule, J. D. Ford, S. Lwasa, B. Nabaasa, and A. Buyinza. (2018). “The determinants of crop yields in Uganda: what is the role of climatic and non-climatic factors?,” Agric. Food Secur., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-17, 2018.

[45] C. Roncoli, B. E. N. Orlove, and M. R. Kabugo. (2010). “Terms of change: How farmers in Uganda talk about climate change.” 2010.

[46] H. Nyantakyi-Frimpong. (2019). “Combining feminist political ecology and participatory diagramming to study climate infor-mation service delivery and knowledge flows among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana,” Appl. Geogr., vol. 112, p. 102079, 2019.

[47] P. Zhang and J. Hong. (2021). “Education, Local Financial Investment and Rural Financial Repression: Learn from the US’s Demonstration Effect on China,” CONVERTER, vol. 2021, no. 7, pp. 27-36, 2021.

[48] M. Taylor and S. Bhasme. (2018). “Model farmers, extension networks and the politics of agricultural knowledge transfer.” J. Rural Stud., vol. 64, pp. 1-10, 2018.

[49] S. H. Eriksen, L. K. Cramer, I. Vetrhus, and P. Thornton. (2019). “Can climate interventions open up space for transformation? Examining the case of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in Uganda.” Front. Sustain. Food Syst., vol. 3, p. 111, 2019.

[50] K. Davis. (2019). “The complex processes of agricultural education and extension.” Taylor & Francis, 2019.

[51] G. Akumu, et al. (2019). “The influence of extension approaches on uptake of postharvest technologies among maize farmers in Uganda,” African J. Rural Dev., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 955-971, 2019.

[52] P. B. Rwamigisa, R. Birner, M. N. Mangheni, and A. Semana. (2018). “How to promote institutional reforms in the agricultural sector? A case study of Uganda’s National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS),” Dev. Policy Rev., vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 607-627, 2018.

[53] E. Wassajja. (2017). “Governance challenges in post-conflict agricultural recovery programs in Northern Uganda: a comparative study of the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund (NUSAF) and the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS),” 2017.

[54] A. Belay, J. W. Recha, T. Woldeamanuel, and J. F. Morton. (2017). “Smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia.” Agric. Food Secur., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1-13, 2017.

[55] P. K. Gangopadhyay, A. Khatri-Chhetri, P. B. Shirsath, and P. K. Aggarwal. (2019). “Spatial targeting of ICT-based weather and agro-advisory services for climate risk management in agriculture.” Clim. Change, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 241-256, 2019.

[56] D. Mfitumukiza, et al. (2017). “Assessing the farmer field schools diffusion of knowledge and adaptation to climate change by smallholder farmers in Kiboga District, Uganda.” J. Agric. Ext. Rural Dev., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 74-83, 2017.

[57] O. Bonilla Findji, J. W. M. Recha, M. A. O. Radeny, and P. Kimeli. (2017). “East Africa Climate-Smart Villages AR4D Sites: 2016 Inventory,” 2017.

[58] I. G. L. Vetrhus. (2019). “Agricultural transformation through Climate-smart agriculture: a study on power relations in the climate-smart villages of Hoima District, Uganda.” Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, 2019.

[59] P. K. Aggarwal, et al. (2018). “The climate-smart village approach: framework of an integrative strategy for scaling up adaptation options in agriculture.” 2018.

How to cite this paper

Climate-Smart Agricultural Extension Service Innovation Approaches in Uganda: Review Paper

How to cite this paper: Benson Turyasingura, Petros Chavula. (2022) Climate-Smart Agricultural Extension Service Innovation Approaches in Uganda: Review PaperInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(1), 35-43.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.006