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International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.001

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Temporal Trends in Mycotoxin Contaminations in Maize Supplied to Consumers in Eswatini

Cyril Dlamini1, D. Earnshaw2, Y. Assefa2,*

1Malkerns Research Institute, Crop Storage unit, Ministry of Agriculture, Kingdom of Eswatini.

2Department of Crop Production Faculty of Agriculture, University of Eswatini, Luyengo Campus Luyengo, Kingdom of Eswatini.

*Corresponding author: Y. Assefa

Date: April 22,2022 Hits: 469

Abstract

Mycotoxin contamination of maize results in heavy economic loss and a potential risk for human being. The Eswatini population depends heavily on maize for nutritional needs. This commodity requires continuous monitoring and care from its site of production by smallholder maize producers and importers through to consumers along the marketing chains. Maize produced locally and imported from neighbouring countries is often contaminated with Mycotoxin, which, after ingestion, pose serious health hazard to the consumers. Mycotoxin can contribute to the causation of liver cancers, immune system disorders, and growth-related issues in children. Moreover, deaths in both humans and animals have also been reported after ingestion of Mycotoxin contaminated food. Studies have shown contamination of food and feed ingredients with Mycotoxin. This study places the maize value chain into context, summarizes results of laboratory analyses of maize grain samples for Mycotoxin in the years between 2001 and 2021 and presents the prevalence and diversity of Mycotoxin and discusses the present legislative regulation of maize quality implemented in Eswatini. There is a need to improve maize production and postharvest handling practices, which are the sources of Mycotoxin so prevalent in the maize marketed to the consumers in Eswatini.

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Temporal Trends in Mycotoxin Contaminations in Maize Supplied to Consumers in Eswatini

How to cite this paper: Cyril Dlamini, D. Earnshaw, Y. Assefa. (2022) Temporal Trends in Mycotoxin Contaminations in Maize Supplied to Consumers in Eswatini. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(2), 128-134.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.001