CSA. (2021). Ethiopian Agricultural Sample Survey. Vol II. Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics. Statistical Bulletin 589. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
 Beyene, A., Alilo, A. A., and Mola, M. (2018). Assessment of sheep and goat (small ruminants) production system in Esera district, of Dawro Zone, Southern Ethiopia. J. Adv. Dairy Res, 6(4), 215.
 Wodajo, H. D., Gemeda, B. A., Kinati, W., Mulem, A. A., van Eerdewijk, A., and Wieland, B. (2020). Contribution of small ruminants to food security for Ethiopian smallholder farmers. Small Ruminant Research, 184, 106064.
 Mengistu, A. (2006). Country pasture/forage resource profiles, Ethiopia. FAO, Rome. Italy.
 Yadeta, N., Manzoor, A. K., and Gemeda, D. (2016). Study of productive and reproductive performances and farmers’ traits preferences for breeding of small ruminants in Ada Barga and Ejere Districts of West Shao Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Advances in life science and technology, 49.
 Tadele, Y. (2015). Small ruminant production and marketing: constraints and opportunities in Chencha and Mirab Abaya Districts, Southern Ethiopia. World J. Biol. Med. Science, 2(1), 14-32.
 Gizaw, S., Komen, H., and van Arendonk, J. A. (2010). Participatory definition of breeding objectives and selection indexes for sheep breeding in traditional systems. Livestock Science, 128(1-3), 67-74.
 Hirpa, A. and Abebe, G. (2008) Economic Significance of Sheep and Goats. Yami, A. and Merkel, R.C., (Eds.). IN: Sheep and goat Production Hand Book for Ethiopia. Ethiopia sheep and goats’ productivity improvement program (ESGPIP), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 57-72.
 Gebremichael, S. G. (2008). Sheep resources of Ethiopia: genetic diversity and breeding strategy. Wageningen University and Research.
 Hamito, D. (2009). Goat breeds of Ethiopia: A guide for identification and utilization. Ethiopia Sheep and Goat Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP). Technical Bulletin, 23(11).
 Awgichew, P. and Abegaz, S. (2008). Breeds of sheep and goats. Sheep and goat production handbook for Ethiopia: Ethiopia Sheep and Goat Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP), 5-26.
 Alemu, T. (2004). Genetic characterization of indigenous goat populations of Ethiopia using microsatellite DNA markers (Doctoral dissertation, National Dairy Research Institute, Deemed University).
 Farm-Africa, T. (1996). Goat Types of Ethiopia and Eritrea Physical description and management systems.
 Abegaz, S. (2014). Design of community-based breeding programs for two indigenous goat breeds of Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna).
 Kassahun, A. (2004). The state of Ethiopia's farm animal genetic resources-country report: A Contribution to the first report on the state of the world’s animal genetic resources. ESAP (Ethiopian Society of Animal Production) Newsletter. Issue, (10).
 Getahun, L. (2008). Productive and Economic performance of Small Ruminant production in production system of the Highlands of Ethiopia. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart-Hoheinheim, Germany.
 Solomon, A. K., Grum, G., Haile, A., Rischkowsky, B. A., Solomon, G., and Dessie, T. (2014). Review of goat research and development projects in Ethiopia. ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).
 Negassa, A. and Jabbar, M. (2008). Livestock ownership, commercial off-take rates and their determinants in Ethiopia. ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).
 Legese, G. and Fadiga, M. L. (2014). Small ruminant value chain development in Ethiopia: Situation analysis and trends. ICARDA/ILRI Project Report. Nairobi, Kenya: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas/International Livestock Research Institute.
 Grum, G. (2010). Community-based participatory characterization of the short-eared Somali goat population around Dire Dawa. Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
 Legese, G., Haile, A., Duncan, A. J., Dessie, T., Gizaw, S., and Rischkowsky, B. (2014). Sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia: A synthesis of opportunities and constraints. ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).
 Tsegaye, T. (2009). Characterization of goat production systems and on-farm evaluation of the growth performance of grazing goats supplemented with different protein sources in Metema woreda, Amhara region, Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Haramaya university).
 Sebsibe, A. (2008). Sheep and goat meat characteristics and quality. Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Ethiopia. Ethiopian Sheep and Goats Productivity Improvement Program (ESGPIP), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp. 323-328.
 Birhanu, A. F. (2019). A review on Ethiopian meat production trends, consumption and meat quality parameters. Int J Food Sci Agr, 3(4), 267-274.
 FAOSTAT. (2022). FAO online statistical database. Rome. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/.
 Otte, M. J. and Chilonda, P. (2002). Cattle and small ruminant production systems in sub-Saharan Africa. A systematic review.
 Wilson, R. T. (1989). Reproductive performance of African indigenous small ruminants under various management systems: a review. Animal Reproduction Science, 20(4), 265-286.
 Ibrahim, H. (1998). Small ruminant production techniques. ILRI training manual. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. P. 192.
 Tolera, A. (1990). Animal production and feed resource constraints in Welayta Sodo and the supplementary value of Desmodium intortum, Stylosanthes guianensis and Macrotyloma axillare when fed to growing sheep feeding on a basal diet of maize stover. MSc, Agricultural University of Norway, Norway.
 Tolera, A. (1998). Production situation and some productivity and physical characters of traditionally managed sheep and goats in Kochore district, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 13(1-2), 49-59.
 Lakew, M., Haile-Melekot, M., Mekuriaw, G., Abreha, S., and Setotaw, H. (2014). Reproductive performance and mortality rate in local and dorper× local crossbred sheep following controlled breeding in Ethiopia. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 4(05), 278.
 Kechero, Y., Tolemariam, T., and Haile, A. (2013). Characteristics and determinants of livestock production in Jimma Zone/Southwestern Ethiopia. African Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 5(2), 69-81.
 Ebrahim, A. and Hailemichael, A. (2012). Sheep and goat production and utilization in different agro-ecological zones in Tigray, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 24(1), 3-5.
 Kocho, T. K. (2007). Production and marketing systems of sheep and goats in Alaba, Southern Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Hawassa university).
 Hailemariam, F., Melesse, A., and Banerjee, S. (2013). Traditional sheep production and breeding practice in Gamogofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Int. J. Livest. Prod, 1(3), 26-43.
 Kebede, T., Haile, A., Dadi, H., anad Alemu, T. (2012). Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for reproduction traits in indigenous Arsi-Bale goats. Tropical animal health and production, 44(5), 1007-1015.
 Hussein, T. (2018). Local sheep and goat reproductive performance managed under farmer condition in Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Livestock Production, 9(10), 280-285.
 Edea, Z., Haile, A., Tibbo, M., Sharma, A. K., Sölkner, J., and Wurzinger, M. (2012). Sheep production systems and breeding practices of smallholders in western and south-western Ethiopia: Implications for designing community-based breeding strategies. Livestock Research for Rural Development, (24)7.
 Getachew, T. (2008). Characterization of Menz and Afar indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders and pastoralists for designing community-based breeding strategies in Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Haramaya University).
 Galmessa, U., Duguma, G., Abegaz, S., Gizaw, S., and Raina, V. S. (2003). Effect of plane of nutrition on age and weight at sexual maturity in Horro ram lambs. Indian journal of animal sciences, 73(9), 1069-1071.
 Duguma, G. (2010). Participatory definition of breeding objectives and implementation of community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Austrian University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences).
 Mirkena, T., Duguma, G., Willam, A., Wurzinger, M., Haile, A., Rischkowsky, B., and Solkner, J. (2012). Community‐based alternative breeding plans for indigenous sheep breeds in four agro‐ecological zones of Ethiopia. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 129(3), 244-253.
 Mukasa-Mugerwa, E., and Lahlou-Kassi, A. (1995). Reproductive performance and productivity of Menz sheep in the Ethiopian highlands. Small Ruminant Research, 17(2), 167-177.
 Shenkute, B. G. (2009). Production and marketing systems of small ruminants in Goma district of Jimma zone, western Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Hawassa University).
 Fam, K. S., Waller, D. S., and Erdogan, B. Z. (2004). The influence of religion on attitudes towards the advertising of controversial products. European Journal of marketing.
 Kosgey, I. S., Baker, R. L., Udo, H. M. J., and Van Arendonk, J. A. (2006). Successes and failures of small ruminant breeding programmes in the tropics: a review. Small ruminant research, 61(1), 13-28.
 Ayalew, W., Rischkowsky, B., King, J. M., and Bruns, E. (2003). Crossbreds did not generate more net benefits than indigenous goats in Ethiopian smallholdings. Agricultural systems, 76(3), 1137-1156.
 Kosgey, I. S. (2004). Breeding objectives and breeding strategies for small ruminants in the tropics. Wageningen University and Research.