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Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken

James Gana*, Aboje John Eche, Kabir Ibrahim Kontagora, Kelechi Mgbonu

Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education, P.M.B.39, Kontagora, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: James Gana

Date: June 13,2022 Hits: 290


The study was conducted at the poultry unit in the research and teaching farm of the Department of Agricultural Education of Federal College of Education, Kontagora, North central, Nigeria. Thirty apparently healthy adult Normal feathered (NF) and naked-neck (NN) genotypes of Nigerian chickens were purchased from local market in Kontagora, slaughtered and the oviducts were harvested. The tissues (mid portions of infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, shell gland and vagina) were fixed followed by routine histological staining technique (H & E). The wall of the left oviduct of both groups comprised four basic layers viz. tunica mucosa, submucosa, tunica muscularis and serosa from inside to outward. Due to absence of lamina muscularis, tunica mucosa and tunica submucosa formed a combined layer here onwards referred to as propria submucosa, which formed the core of the mucosal folds. Tunica mucosa possessed considerable complexity, being thrown into well-developed folds. Tunica muscularis was made up of two layers; inner circular and outer longitudinally oriented smooth muscle layer. The outermost layer was tunica serosa, which was made up of loose subserosal connective tissue covered externally by the mesothelium. In the infundibulum, mucosal folds were short, narrowed, predominantly primary with the thickness of its wall in NF been observed to be less than that in NN birds. Almost allmucosal folds in the magnum were pedunculated. The mucosal folds of the magnum were wider in NN compared to the NF. In the isthmus, most of the mucosal folds were narrow and tapered towards the centre of lumen. Folds were wider in NN as compared to NF. The Vascularity was highest in this shell gland compared to infundibulum, magnum and Isthmus. The mucosa of the vagina exhibited short folds of uniform height.


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Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken

How to cite this paper: James Gana, Aboje John Eche, Kabir Ibrahim Kontagora, Kelechi Mgbonu. (2022) Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(2), 192-199.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.009