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How to Write and Reference an Article of Journal Effectively

June 26,2024 Views: 147

An article of journal is a peer-reviewed work that shares new research within an academic field. By using library databases, you can find journal articles online. This guide will help you write and reference a journal article effectively. You’ll learn about the different types of journal articles, the peer review process, how to structure your work, and how to navigate the submission process. Understanding these elements is crucial for producing high-quality, publishable research.

Key Takeaways

l  Understanding the structure and types of journal articles is crucial for effective scholarly communication, with each article type serving a unique role in disseminating knowledge within a field.

l  The peer review process ensures the quality and credibility of academic writing, acting as a rigorous gatekeeping mechanism that maintains the integrity of scholarly publications.

l  Proper structuring, including clear sections such as the abstract, introduction, main body, and conclusion, along with meticulous referencing and adherence to formatting guidelines, is essential for crafting a compelling and professional journal article.

l  Including a literature review as a standard section is important for referencing existing literature and considering the current state of the literature in a research article.

Understanding Journal Articles

 At the heart of academic discourse lies the journal article, a beacon of new knowledge and scholarly communication. Imagine standing on the shoulders of giants, contributing to the ongoing dialogue within your field; this is the essence of a journal article. These documents are not mere reports; they are peer-reviewed, published works that signify your research’s acceptance and recognition by the academic community. When referencing a journal article, it is crucial to cite the journal title, volume number, issue number, and page numbers to ensure proper attribution and credibility.

Each article, with its unique article number, is a building block, crafted by experts like you, aiming to answer pivotal questions and present breakthrough data. The publication of these articles in academic journals, from international journal to specialized American journals, not only fosters the exchange of ideas but also solidifies your standing in the academic landscape. Utilizing an academic research database can further enhance your access to these valuable resources.

Types of Journal Articles

 Consider the vibrant spectrum of journal articles available to researchers. Each type plays a distinct role in the tapestry of academic literature. Original research articles, for instance, present fresh experimental findings, serving as the primary sources of empirical evidence that drive primary research forward. Review articles, on the other hand, offer a panoramic view of existing literature, providing critical analyses that can guide future research directions. These review articles often include a comprehensive literature review to reference existing literature and consider the current state of the literature.

From the detailed narratives of clinical case studies to the strategic insights of perspective pieces, each format—be it a commentary, an opinion article, or a clinical trial report—serves a unique purpose in disseminating knowledge.

Peer Review Process

Peer review is the crucible through which the quality of academic writing is refined. This rigorous process acts as a gatekeeper, ensuring that the research presented is of the highest caliber—credible, robust, and of significant contribution to the field. Reviewers, often anonymous, meticulously assess the validity, quality, and import of your work, providing feedback that can either pave the way to publication or necessitate further refinement.

The editorial team, the custodians of the peer review process, ensures that this cornerstone of scholarly communication is upheld with fairness and integrity, maintaining the trust that has been synonymous with scientific advancement since the days of ancient Greece.

Structuring Your Journal Article

Crafting a journal article is akin to composing a symphony; each section must resonate with the central message of your research, whether it be a novel theory, a unique methodology, or groundbreaking findings. A well-structured article speaks volumes about the quality of your work, guiding readers through the following sections with clear and focused intent:

1.        Abstract

2.        Introduction

3.        Methodology

4.        Results

5.        Conclusion

Let’s explore the components of a journal article that, when harmonized, can create a compelling narrative for your audience.

Title and Keywords

The title of your journal article, or the article title, is the first impression you make on the scholarly world. It should encapsulate the essence of your research in a concise, accurate, and informative manner, grabbing the attention of your peers and enticing them to delve deeper into your work. Avoid generic phrases and instead, employ relevant keywords within the first 65 characters to optimize your article’s visibility in the vast ocean of academic research databases. When you print journal article, ensure that the title remains prominent and engaging.

Keywords are your beacon, guiding researchers through the digital maze to your article, ensuring it doesn’t remain an undiscovered gem in an ever-expanding field. In the realm of research, a meta analysis can further strengthen the impact of your findings by combining and comparing results from multiple studies.


The abstract is your article’s calling card, a succinct summary that conveys the core of your research to the reader at a glance. In about 300 words, it should illuminate what your study is about, the methods you’ve employed, and the primary findings you’ve unearthed.

A well-crafted abstract is:

l  A standalone piece

l  Free from abbreviations or incomplete references

l  Providing a clear snapshot of your research

l  Can be understood in isolation from the rest of the article.


The introduction is where you set the stage, contextualizing your research within the broader academic landscape. It’s where you pose the research question, outlining its importance and the novel contribution your work promises to deliver. A compelling introduction not only captivates but also lays out the roadmap for your article, ensuring that from the very first paragraph, your readers are hooked and eager to follow your journey of discovery. Additionally, the introduction should include a brief literature review to contextualize the research within the existing body of knowledge.

Main Body

Within the main body lies the heart of your argument, each section meticulously woven to support the central research question. Think of it as a carefully constructed argument, where each paragraph introduces a new concept while ensuring a natural flow and connection to the preceding ideas.

It is essential that this core part of your article is presented in a logical sequence, leading your readers through your arguments and supporting evidence without losing them in a labyrinth of disconnected thoughts.


Arriving at the conclusion, you are tasked with the delicate art of weaving together the threads of your research into a coherent tapestry. This section should:

l  Revisit your research problem

l  Interpret your results

l  Summarize the key concepts in order of their significance

l  Avoid introducing any new information.

Your final words should illuminate the contribution your work makes to the field, potentially paving the way for future explorations and discoveries.

References and Citations

The integrity of your journal article is underpinned by the meticulous citation of sources. Demonstrating how your work builds upon the foundation laid by your predecessors is crucial to avoid the pitfalls of plagiarism—an offense that can tarnish your reputation and derail your publishing journey.

Consistency is key; whether you choose APA or MLA, adherence to a single citation style ensures clarity and professionalism throughout your reference list. Moreover, by citing recent studies, you showcase your diligence in staying abreast of current literature and contribute to the ongoing dialogue within your field. It is also essential to include the journal title, volume number, issue number, and page numbers in your citations to provide complete and accurate references.

Formatting Guidelines

The aesthetics of your journal article—its format, structure, and style—are just as critical as the substance within. The meticulous adherence to specific author guidelines, including page numbers, can be the difference between acceptance and rejection. Formatting requirements, often unique to each journal, can be found in the fine print of the instructions for authors, and overlooking these can result in a manuscript being returned for revisions or, worse, outright rejection.

In the pursuit of efficiency, templates and format-free submissions offer a lifeline, saving precious time that can be better spent on honing the content of your research or exploring a library database. Additionally, library databases can be used to find formatting templates and guidelines for different journals.

Submitting Your Journal Article

The act of submitting your journal article is the culmination of your hard work and dedication. Selecting a journal that aligns with your research focus before you even begin writing can provide a clear direction and ensure your article meets the journal’s expectations. Familiarize yourself with the submission guidelines, prepare your manuscript accordingly, and, once submitted, be open to the constructive feedback received from peer reviewers.

Remember, the journey doesn’t end with acceptance; the production phase awaits, where your article will be polished to meet the high standards of publication, including proper page range formatting.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

The path to publication is fraught with potential missteps, and awareness is your best defense. Academic writing demands precision and formality; slang and irregular abbreviations have no place in a manuscript that seeks to contribute to scholarly discourse. Consistency in verb tense usage and avoidance of technical jargon and cliches will ensure that your writing is clear and accessible, allowing your research to shine without the distraction of poor language choices.

Benefits of Publishing in Academic Journals

The fruits of your labor, once published, extend far beyond the satisfaction of contribution. Publishing in academic journals can propel your career forward, enhancing your reputation and offering opportunities for advancement. Your work, now part of the global academic conversation, can lead to greater visibility and potentially significant impact in your field of study.

Furthermore, by choosing to publish in society-owned journals, you are directly supporting the scientific community, contributing to the funding of grants, conferences, and other scholarly activities.


Navigating the complex landscape of academic publishing can be a challenging yet rewarding experience. This post has provided a comprehensive guide to writing and referencing a journal article effectively, from understanding the different types of articles and the peer review process to the nuances of structuring your work and the final steps of submission. By avoiding common pitfalls and adhering to the best practices detailed here, you are well-equipped to contribute valuable knowledge to your field and to advance your academic career.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the main purpose of a journal article?

The main purpose of a journal article is to present original research, offer critical analysis, or provide insights into a specific academic field, ultimately contributing to scholarly discourse.

How does the peer review process benefit my journal article?

The peer review process benefits your journal article by enhancing its credibility and quality through expert scrutiny and constructive feedback, ultimately improving the manuscript before publication.

Why is it important to choose the right journal for my article?

Choosing the right journal for your article is crucial as it ensures that your work reaches the right audience, aligns with the journal's standards, and enhances its impact within the academic community. The right journal can also increase the chances of acceptance for your article.

How can I ensure my article's title and keywords are effective?

To ensure your article's title and keywords are effective, craft a concise and accurate title that captures the essence of your research and includes relevant keywords within the first 65 characters. This will enhance discoverability in academic research databases.

What are the consequences of failing to properly cite sources in my journal article?

Failing to properly cite sources can lead to accusations of plagiarism, potential rejection of your manuscript, harm to your professional reputation, and even legal consequences. It is essential to ensure proper citation to avoid these serious repercussions.


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